Karnala Bird Sanctuary

Location: Panvel Taluka Of Raigad District, Maharashtra
Coverage area: 4. 27-sq-km
Main attraction: Trekker's Paradise
Best time to visit: October To February

Arrival information :
 By rail : Nearest railway station is Panvel, at 12-km on Diva-Panvel section of Central Railway line.
 By air : Nearest airport is mumbai, at 70-km from the sanctuary
 By road : Mumbai to Karnala is 60-km, by road
Nearby excursions : The fort of Karnala, Beautiful golden sand beaches of Tondavali, Tarakali and Vengurala

Karnala Bird Sanctuary is situated in Panvel Taluka of Raigad District of Konkan Region. This sanctuary is located at the bottom of the Karnala fort, which lies between Pen and Panvel. The sanctuary is around 25m high from the sea level, while the fort itself is 370m from the sea level.

Flora :
The vegetation type is moist deciduous forest. The tree species found here are Koshimb, Mango, Nana, Kulu, Kalam, Asana, Umbar and Teak in the top canopy. The sanctuary is very rich in avifauna as the ecological conditions of the tract favour a large variety of bird populations. A casual walk through the forests is an unfailing source of joy, with the list of bird-song ringing in the air

Fauna :
Rich with natural habitats the sanctuary abounds in bird life with various kinds of resident and migrant birds. One can find around 150 species of birds of resident and 37 species of migratory birds that visit the sanctuary during winters. It has two distinct seasons for bird watching. In the monsoon season one can watch Paradise Flycatcher, Shama or Magpie, Robin, and the Malabar Whistling Thrush, which are some of the most melodious avian songsters.A variety other birds Racket-Tailed Drongo, Red Vented Bulbul, Horn Bill, Myna, Owl, Ashy Rain War Blur, and two rare birds Ashy Minimet and Spotted heart Woodpeckers have been sighted here.

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