Total Area : 446000 sq kms
Area Occupied In India : 208110 sq kms
States : Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana
Predominant Cities : Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer
The Thar Desert (Rajasthani: थार मरुधर) (also known as the Great Indian Desert), is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. With an area of more than 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi),it is the world's 9th largest subtropical desert.
It lies mostly in the Indian state of Rajasthan, and extends into the southern portion of Haryana and Punjab states and into northern Gujarat state. In Pakistan, the desert covers eastern Sindh province and the southeastern portion of Pakistan's Punjab province. The Cholistan Desert adjoins the Thar desert spreading into Pakistani Punjab province.
In India the thar desert extends from the Sutlej River, surrounded by the Aravalli Range on the east, on the south by the salt marsh known as the Rann of Kutch (parts of which are sometimes included in the Thar), and on the west by the Indus River. Its boundary to the large thorny steppe to the north is ill-defined. , about 3/5th of the total geographical area of the state. In Pakistan, the desert covers the eastern Sindh province and the southeastern portion of Pakistan's Punjab province. The Tharparkar District is one of the major parts of the desert area. Tharparkar consists of two words, Thar means ‘desert’ while Parkar stands for ‘the other side’. Years back, it was known as Thar and Parkar but subsequently became just one word ‘Tharparkar’ for the two distinct parts of Sindh province. On the western side, Parkar is the irrigated area whereas Thar, the eastern part, is known as the largest desert of Pakistan.Rainfall in the area is very low, from 100-500mm per year all falling between July and September, and the climate is harsh with temperatures ranging form near freezing up to 50°C.
Tourists BestThe Great Indian Desert provides a unique opportunity for an all exciting and adventurous tour in India. A journey through the vast stretches of sands is an inspiring one. Desert Safari is one of the most sought after adventure tours. Out against the simmering sands, the sun on your back and laid out patchwork of sand dunes and eyes ending up at the sand horizon, is a great experience. The best part of it is the travel itself. Laid back in the jeep or on the ship of the desert, in the sand sea, is one journey that leaves an impression for long.
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Thar Desert, at many places, is broken up by the low lying hills and some scant vegetation. The desert carries quite many notions of diversity. The physiography, biological life and scattered out traditional population makes it a wonderful place to explore. There are quite a number of species that thrive despite all the heat and sand. Great Indian Bustard, Black Bucks, Gazelles and Wild Asses are found in good numbers. Birds of prey can be seen soaring high over the desert sands. Commonly found species include buzzards, eagles, harriers, falcons and vultures.
Exploring the Thar Desert
Jeep Safari in Thar Desert : Jeep Safari is fast, most convenient and adventurous way to explore the desert land of Rajasthan. A fine blend of fun and excitement, Jeep Safari in Thar Desert provides you a wonderful opportunity to explore the picturesque, tranquil and magical land of Rajasthan. Jeep Safari in Thar Desert takes you to some of the most popular tourist destinations of the state. From your open-roof jeep you can get the enchanting countryside view alongwith spectacular view of forts, palaces, havelis and temples of Rajasthan. Apart from exploring the tourist destinations, you will also get a good chance to meet the local people and experience the traditional Rajasthani hospitality at its best. Jeep Safari is available from cities like Jodhpur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer which are connected to rest of the state with good roads.
Camel Safari in Thar Desert : Camel Safari is the most comfortable and amazing way to explore the endless stretches of the Great Indian Thar Desert. A ride on the Camel back, provides you a wonderful opportunity to discover the unexplored regions of the Thar Desert. Besides, you also get a chance to meet the local people and observe their lifestyle. Camel Safari to Thar Desert are offered at several towns and cities of Rajasthan. Some of the popular spots where you can undertake the Camel Safari trips are Jodhpur, Bikaner, Jaisalmer etc.